Jahier Erwan,Michèle Leduc's Les Atomes froids (Une introduction à) (French Edition) PDF

By Jahier Erwan,Michèle Leduc

ISBN-10: 2759804402

ISBN-13: 9782759804405

Doublement couronné par le prix Nobel en 1997 et en 2001, le domaine des atomes froids est né il y a une trentaine d'années et connaît aujourd'hui un fantastique développement où l. a. body du solide rejoint l. a. body atomique.

Les atomes froids sont l'objet d'études très fondamentales pour los angeles mécanique quantique et pour l'information quantique. Leurs purposes commencent à intervenir dans notre quotidien, par exemple through les horloges à fontaines d'atomes froids utilisées pour le GPS, et dont l'exactitude est meilleure qu'une seconde sur three hundred thousands d'années.

Cet ouvrage reveal en termes simples remark l'interaction de faisceaux lasers avec un gaz permet de refroidir ce gaz jusqu'à des températures descendant à quelques millionièmes de degrés au-dessus du zéro absolu et de piéger un petit nuage de quelques milliards d'atomes lévitant dans le vide. Il retrace aussi l. a. découverte de los angeles condensation de Bose-Einstein, ce nouvel état de l. a. matière dans lequel tous les atomes se comportent comme s'ils étaient un seul et dont on peut extraire des « lasers à atomes ».

L'ouvrage est illustré de nombreux schémas et présente d'une façon didactique l'essentiel des méthodes utilisées pour produire et utiliser les atomes froids.

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Geometry and Topology in Hamiltonian Dynamics and by Marco Pettini PDF

By Marco Pettini

ISBN-10: 038730892X

ISBN-13: 9780387308920

ISBN-10: 1441921648

ISBN-13: 9781441921642

This ebook covers a brand new rationalization of the foundation of Hamiltonian chaos and its quantitative characterization. the writer makes a speciality of major components: Riemannian formula of Hamiltonian dynamics, offering an unique point of view in regards to the courting among geodesic instability and curvature houses of the mechanical manifolds; and a topological thought of thermodynamic section transitions, pertaining to topology adjustments of microscopic configuration house with the iteration of singularities of thermodynamic observables. The publication comprises quite a few illustrations all through and it'll curiosity either mathematicians and physicists.

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Read e-book online Quantum Criticality in Condensed Matter:Phenomena, Materials PDF

By Jedrzejewski Janusz,Janusz Jedrzejewski

ISBN-10: 9814704083

ISBN-13: 9789814704083

This quantity contains eight articles written by means of academics of fiftieth Karpacz iciness college of Theoretical Physics and their collaborators. The contributing teachers are amazing researchers, and specialists in quite a few fields of physics, particularly in condensed subject, quantum section transitions and quantum serious phenomena. The articles mirror the contents of the lectures given for faculty individuals and canopy a number of facets of quantum part transitions and quantum serious phenomena, from experimental to mathematical ones. For these wishing to get accustomed to the topic, huge lists of references are supplied within the articles.

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Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum - download pdf or read online

By Harvey Leff,Andrew F. Rex

ISBN-10: 0750307595

ISBN-13: 9780750307598

Over a hundred thirty years in the past, James Clerk Maxwell brought his hypothetical "demon" as a problem to the scope of the second one legislation of thermodynamics. Fascination with the demon continued during the improvement of statistical and quantum physics, info concept, and computing device technology, and hyperlinks were demonstrated among Maxwell's demon and every of those disciplines. The demon's seductive caliber makes it beautiful to actual scientists, engineers, machine scientists, biologists, psychologists, and historians and philosophers of science.

Since the booklet of Maxwell's Demon: Entropy, details, Computing in 1990, Maxwell's demon has been the topic of renewed and elevated curiosity via various researchers within the fields pointed out above. up to date and improved, Maxwell's Demon 2: Entropy, Classical and Quantum details, Computing keeps some of the seminal papers that seemed within the first variation, together with the unique recommendations of James Clerk Maxwell and William Thomson; a historic evaluate by means of Martin Klein; and key articles via Leo Szilard, Leon Brillouin, Rolf Landauer, and Charles Bennett that ended in new branches of analysis at the demon. This moment variation includes more recent articles via Landauer, Bennett, and others, with regards to Landauer's precept; connections with quantum mechanics; algorithmic info; and the thermodynamics and bounds of computation. The e-book additionally contains separate bibliographies: an alphabetical directory by means of writer and a chronological bibliography that's annotated through the editors and comprises chosen charges from the books and articles indexed. The bibliography has greater than doubled in dimension in view that ebook of the 1st version and now comprises over 570 entries.

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Non-equilibrium Dynamics of One-Dimensional Bose Gases - download pdf or read online

By Tim Langen

ISBN-10: 3319185632

ISBN-13: 9783319185637

ISBN-10: 3319387006

ISBN-13: 9783319387000

This paintings offers a chain of experiments with ultracold one-dimensional Bose gases, which determine acknowledged gases as an incredible version method for exploring a variety of non-equilibrium phenomena. With assistance from newly built instruments, like complete distributions features and part correlation features, the booklet finds the emergence of thermal-like temporary states, the light-cone-like emergence of thermal correlations and the statement of generalized thermodynamic ensembles. This issues to a average emergence of classical statistical houses from the microscopic unitary quantum evolution, and lays the basis for a common framework of non-equilibrium physics. The thesis investigates a relevant query that's hugely contested in quantum physics: how and to which quantity does an remoted quantum many-body process chill out? this question arises in lots of various parts of physics, and lots of of the open difficulties seem at significantly assorted power, time and size scales, starting from high-energy physics and cosmology to condensed subject and quantum info. A key problem in trying to resolution this query is the shortage of quantum many-body structures which are either good remoted from the surroundings and available for experimental study.

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Download e-book for kindle: The Stability of Matter in Quantum Mechanics by Elliott H. Lieb,Robert Seiringer

By Elliott H. Lieb,Robert Seiringer

ISBN-10: 0521191181

ISBN-13: 9780521191180

study into the steadiness of topic has been probably the most profitable chapters in mathematical physics, and is a chief instance of the way smooth arithmetic should be utilized to difficulties in physics. a distinct account of the topic, this e-book offers a whole, self-contained description of study at the balance of topic challenge. It introduces the mandatory quantum mechanics to mathematicians, and facets of practical research to physicists. the subjects lined contain electrodynamics of classical and quantized fields, Lieb-Thirring and different inequalities in spectral conception, inequalities in electrostatics, balance of enormous Coulomb structures, gravitational balance of stars, fundamentals of equilibrium statistical mechanics, and the lifestyles of the thermodynamic restrict. The publication is an updated account for researchers, and its pedagogical type makes it appropriate for complex undergraduate and graduate classes in mathematical physics.

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D.J. Thouless's The Quantum Mechanics of Many-Body Systems: Second Edition PDF

By D.J. Thouless

ISBN-10: 0126915601

ISBN-13: 9780126915600

ISBN-10: 0486493571

ISBN-13: 9780486493572

Written by way of a co-winner of the 2016 Nobel Prize in physics, this monograph introduces complicated undergraduates and graduate scholars of physics to the "many-body" conception in theoretical physics. The remedy addresses difficulties and suggestions relating to nuclear and atomic physics, the electron conception of metals, and the theories of liquid helium 3 and 4.
A unified account of the sphere instead of an outline of parallel tools, the text's major thematic ways contain the self-consistent box and its generalizations, perturbation thought and using Feynman diagrams, and using eco-friendly features to explain excitations of a many-body method. the first emphasis is at the theories of atomic nuclei, the electron gasoline, superconductivity, and liquid helium 3. A familiarity with the foundations of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics is thought, yet an in depth wisdom of nuclear and stable kingdom physics is unnecessary.

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New PDF release: Wholeness and the Implicate Order (Routledge Classics)

By David Bohm

ISBN-10: 0415289785

ISBN-13: 9780415289788

ISBN-10: 0415289793

ISBN-13: 9780415289795

David Bohm was once one of many greatest medical thinkers and philosophers of our time. even if deeply encouraged via Einstein, he was once additionally, extra surprisingly for a scientist, encouraged by way of mysticism. certainly, within the Seventies and Eighties he made touch with either J. Krishnamurti and the Dalai Lama whose teachings contributed to shaping his paintings. In either technology and philosophy, Bohm's major hindrance was once with knowing the character of truth often and of realization particularly. during this vintage paintings he develops a thought of quantum physics which treats the totality of life as an unbroken entire. Writing basically and with out technical jargon, he makes advanced rules obtainable to somebody attracted to the character of reality.

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Download e-book for kindle: Complex Spaces in Finsler, Lagrange and Hamilton Geometries by Gheorghe Munteanu

By Gheorghe Munteanu

ISBN-10: 1402022050

ISBN-13: 9781402022050

ISBN-10: 9048166144

ISBN-13: 9789048166145

From a ancient standpoint, the idea we undergo the current examine has its origins within the recognized dissertation of P. Finsler from 1918 ([Fi]). In a the classical idea additionally traditional type, Finsler geometry has along with a couple of generalizations, which use an analogous paintings procedure and that are thought of self-geometries: Lagrange and Hamilton areas. Finsler geometry had a interval of incubation lengthy adequate, in order that few math­ ematicians (E. Cartan, L. Berwald, S.S. Chem, H. Rund) had the persistence to penetrate right into a universe of tensors, which made them examine it to a jungle. To aU people, who research these days Finsler geometry, it's seen that the qualitative jump used to be made within the 1970's via the crystallization of the nonlinear connection thought (a inspiration that's nearly as outdated as Finsler house, [SZ4]) and by way of work-skills into its tailored body fields. the implications got by way of M. Matsumoto (coUected later, in 1986, in a monograph, [Ma3]) aroused curiosity not just in Japan, but in addition in different nations corresponding to Romania, Hungary, Canada and the united states, the place colleges of Finsler geometry are based and are shortly extensively recognized.

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Download e-book for kindle: Quantum Theory and Statistical Thermodynamics: Principles by Peter Hertel

By Peter Hertel

ISBN-10: 3319585940

ISBN-13: 9783319585949

This textbook offers a concise but special advent to quantum physics. Concise, since it condenses the necessities to a couple ideas. particular, simply because those few ideas –  unavoidably quite summary – are illustrated by means of numerous telling examples. a pretty entire assessment of the normal quantum mechanics curriculum is the first concentration, however the large box of statistical thermodynamics is roofed as well.

The textual content explains why a couple of key discoveries shattered the existing commonly authorized classical view of physics. First, topic looks to encompass debris which, while propagating, resemble waves. hence, a few observable houses can't be measured concurrently with arbitrary precision. moment, occasions with unmarried debris usually are not decided, yet are kind of possible. The essence of this can be that the observable homes of a actual approach are to be represented by means of non-commuting mathematical gadgets rather than genuine numbers. 

Chapters on highly easy, yet hugely instructive examples illustrate this summary formula of quantum physics. the best atoms, ions, and molecules are defined, describing their interplay with electromagnetic radiation in addition to the scattering of debris. a brief advent to many particle physics with an outlook on quantum fields follows. there's a bankruptcy on maximally combined states of very huge structures, that's statistical thermodynamics. the subsequent bankruptcy at the linear reaction to perturbations offers a hyperlink to the cloth equations of continuum physics. Mathematical info which might prevent the movement of the most textual content were deferred to an appendix.

The ebook addresses collage scholars of physics and comparable fields. it's going to allure graduate scholars and pros specifically who desire to systematize or refresh their wisdom of quantum physics while learning really good texts on sturdy country and fabrics physics, advanced

optics, and different smooth fields.

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